Serious/Invasive MRSA Infections
Serious/invasive infections are infections that invade or attack the body. Invasive infections affect the entire body, and are potentially life threatening.
- Invasive infections occur in both community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) and healthcare-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA); however, they are more commonplace with HA-MRSA. This is because individuals with HA-MRSA often have chronic medical conditions that weaken the body’s ability to fight infection.
- Invasive infections are treated in the hospital setting by a physician knowledgeable in their treatment, oftentimes an Infectious Disease specialist.
- Comments on treatment are limited to a broad overview, because many variables are involved in treating invasive infections.
List of Invasive MRSA Infections
Invasive infections include:
- Skin Infections, including Cellulitis, Abscess, Necrotizing fasciitis, and Gangrene.
- Cellulitis and abscesses may be small and localized, or progress into serious/invasive infections.
- Pneumonia, including Flesh-eating or Necrotizing Pneumonia
- Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)
- Joint Infection
- Bone Infection (Osteomyelitis)
- Heart Infection (Endocarditis)
- Bloodstream Infection
Antibiotics for Invasive MRSA Infections
- IV antibiotics are usually required to treat invasive infections. This is especially true for infections caused by HA-MRSA, because most oral antibiotics are not effective against HA-MRSA.
- Vancomycin is the most common antibiotic used to treat invasive MRSA, though other antibiotics are often added for a synergistic (additive) effect.
Removal of Foreign Devices
Catheters and other foreign devices are removed whenever possible. This is because:
- Foreign objects inside the body provide a nidus (nest where bacteria congregate) onto which MRSA bacteria form a strong attachment.
- It is more difficult to kill MRSA bacteria attached to a foreign object.
Invasive infections are treated in the hospital setting; therefore, follow-up care will be dictated by the individual needs of each patient.